Under Construction

This says it was created by "a wikia contributor" only because it logged me off for some reason. But this was made by me (DTC) too.

This page is a handy growing vocabulary list of medical terms for those who may not be familiar with all the words written on this wiki. Basically, these are either abbreviations, medical terms and phrases, words that people may not know, or words that I didn't know before I saw them on a medical site somewhere and looked them up. Now these words are specific to this wiki and medicine.

Some words may be in this wiki already, and some may not, but I think they would help.


INCOMPLETE, not in any order.

Indication - in medical terms when giving medication, a sign or reason that you should give a medication or do a procedure.

Contraindication - from "contra" meaning opposite, a sign or reason you should NOT give a medication or do a procedure. For example, a contraindication of succinylcholine is muscular dystrophy. That means, if the patient has muscular dystrophy, DO NOT give succinylcholine.

NMB - neuromuscular block, neuromuscular blocker, (NMBA = neuromuscular blocking agent, NMBD = neuromuscular blocking drug)

dTC - d-tubocurarine

SCh - Succinylcholine

ACh - Acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter involved in movement

AChE - Acetylcholinesterase, an enzyme that breaks down acetylcholine

AChR - Acetylcholine receptor - where acetylcholine is supposed to bind to in order to open the ion channel to allow sodium to pass into the muscle and transmit the action potential.

nAChR - Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor - the acetylcholine receptors that control and allow for voluntary movement in skeletal muscles. Curare and the like will block this.

mAChR - Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor - not as cool as nicotinic, but it is involved with movement of involuntary smooth muscles. Atropine and the like will block this.

Agonist - something that increases the effect of something else. For example, neostigmine is an indirect acetylcholine receptor agonist because it inhibits acetylcholinesterase, allowing more acetylcholine to bind to the receptor.

Antagonist - something that blocks or opposes the effect of something else. For example, dTC is an nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist because it competitively binds to acetylcholine receptors and blocks the action of acetylcholine there.

Competitive inhibition - when a substance binds to the active site of a protein where another substance would usually bind, preventing the usual substance from binding there.

Noncompetitive inhibition - when a substance binds to an area of the protein that is not where another substance would usually bind to, but it changes the shape of the protein in such a way that the original substance that would bind there can no longer fit into the active site and bind to it.